-:Mission Geography India Capsule-1:-
@Caves, Tombs and Temples of India@
●●Caves and Rocks and Location
1) Ajanta Caves (WHS)–Aurangabad, Maharashtra
2) Amarnath Cave—Anantnag, Kashmir
3) Elephanta Caves (WHS)—Mumbai, Maharashtra
4) Ellora Caves (WHS)—Aurangabad, Maharashtra
5) Bhimbhetka Rock Shelters (WHS) —Raisen, M.P.
6) Borra Caves— Visakhapatnam, A.P.
●●Tombs and Location
1) Taj Mahal (WHS) — Agra
2) Akbar’s Tomb Sikandara, Agra
3) Itmaad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb— Agra
4) Humayun’s Tomb (WHS) —New Delhi
5) Bibi ka Maqbara —Aurangabad
6) Gol Gumbaz— Bijapur7) Tomb of Sher Shah Suri— Sasaram
●●Temples and Location
1) Cheena Kesava Temple —Belur, Karnataka
2) Black Pagoda or Sun Temple— Konark (Orissa)
3) Brihadiswara Temple (WHS) —Thanjuvur, Tamilnadu
4) Brihadiswara Temple (WHS) — Gangaikondacholisvaram, TN
5) Airavatesvara Temple (WHS) — Darasuram, Tamilnadu
6) Hazara Rama Temple (WHS) — Hampi, Karnataka
7) Virupaksha Temple (WHS) — Pattadakal, Karnataka
8) Golden Temple— Amritsar, Punjab
9) Jagannath Temple— Puri, Orissa
10) Kailasa Temple — Ellora, Maharashtra
11) Mahabaleshwar Temple —Ujjain (M.P.)
12) Minakshi Temple— Madurai, Tamilnadu
13) Shore Temple —Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu
14) Somnath Temple —Junagarh, Gujarat
15) Tirupati Temple— Chittor, Andhra Pradesh
16) Sabarimala— Pathanamthitta, Kerala
17) Dilwara Temple— Mt.Abu
18) Kamakhya Temple— Guwahati, Assam
19) Zeishta Devi Temple— Srinagar, J & K
●●Gate and Location
1) Gateway of India —Mumbai
2) India Gate —New Delhi
3) Buland Darwaza —Fatehpur Sikri
●●Towers/Minars and Location
2) Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame) — Chittorgarh
3) Jai Stambha (Tower of Victory) — Chittorgarh
4) Tower of Silence— Mumbai
5) Qutab Minar Delhi
6) Shaking Minarets Sidi Bashir Mosque, Ahmedabad
@NATIONAL PARKS IN INDIA@
 Anshi National Park ——— Karnataka
 Bandipur National Park ———– Karnataka
 Bannerghatta National Park ——— Karnataka
 Balphakram National Park ——- Meghalaya
 Bandhavgarh National Park ——— Madhya Pradesh
 Betla National Park ——— Jharkhand
 Bhitarkanika National Park ——- Odisha
 Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar ——– Gujarat
 Buxa Tiger Reserve ——– West Bengal
 Campbell Bay National Park ——— Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 Chandoli National Park ——— Maharashtra
 Dachigam National Park ——- Jammu and Kashmir
 Darrah National Park ——— Rajasthan
 Desert National Park ——– Rajasthan
 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park ——— Assam
 Dudhwa National Park ——— Uttar Pradesh
 Eravikulam National Park ——– Kerala
 Galathea National Park ——— Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 Gangotri National Park ——— Uttarakhand
 Gir Forest National Park ——— Gujarat
 Gorumara National Park ——– West Bengal
 Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary —— Uttarakhand
 Great Himalayan National Park ——- Himachal Pradesh,
 Gugamal National Park ——– Maharashtra
 Guindy National Park ——– Tamil Nadu
 Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park ———- Tamil Nadu
 Hemis National Park ——— Jammu and Kashmir
 Harike Wetland ——- Punjab
 Hazaribagh National Park ——- Jharkhand
 Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park ——– Tamil Nadu
 Indravati National Park ——- Chhattisgarh
 Jaldapara National Park ——- West Bengal
 Jim Corbett National Park ——– Uttarakhand
 Kalesar National Park —— Haryana
 Kanha National Park ——- Madhya Pradesh
 Kanger Ghati National Park ——– Chhattisgarh
 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park ——– Telangana
 Kaziranga National Park —— Assam
 Keibul Lamjao National Park —— Manipur
 Keoladeo National Park ——— Rajasthan
 Khangchendzonga National Park ——- Sikkim
 Kishtwar National Park ——— Jammu and Kashmir
 Kudremukh National Park ——- Karnataka
 Madhav National Park ——- Madhya Pradesh
 Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park ——- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park ——- Telangana
 Manas National Park —— Assam
 Mandla Plant Fossils National Park ——– Madhya Pradesh
 Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch ——- Gujarat
 Mathikettan Shola National Park ——- Kerala
@How much do you know about your Earth? Basic Facts@
1.Shape of Earth can be best described as — Geoid
2.Earth’s rotational velocity at equator is — 1690 km/hr
3.A solar day is greater than a sidereal day by — 4 minute
4.Point in the orbit of Moon when it’s farthest from Earth — Apogee
5.Each degree of latitude equals — 111 km
6.A person crossing International Date Line from East to West — loses one day
7.The sun is vertically overhead at the equator on — March 21st (spring equinox)
8.Prime cause behind Earthquakes — Dislocation along fault
9.Elements constituting Earths crust — Oxygen (46.1%), Silicon (28%), Aluminium (8%), Iron (5%)
10.Mumbai is 18.55 degree north of equator. Distance wise it equals — 2059 km
11.Point on Earth’s surface vertically above the seismic focus — Epicenter
12.Circum-Pacific belt is called Ring of Fire because — 80% of volcanic activity of Earth is there
13.When it’s noon in London, the local time for a place 90 degree west of it will be — 6 am
14.Lighthouse of the Mediterranean — Mt. Stromboli
15.Earth’s interior has a layered structure because of — density differentiation
16.The intensity of earthquake wave is recorded by — seismograph
17.Continental Drift Theory was given by — Alfred Wegenor
18.Meridian accepted as the Indian Standard Time — 82 1/2 degree east
19.A meteoric crater lake found in India — Lohar in Maharashtra
20.Mohorovicic discontinuity separates — Crust and Mantle
21.Gigantic seismic sea-waves are called — Tsunami
22.Earth’s tilted axis causes — Season
23.Hardest mineral — Diamond, and softest mineral — talc
24.Theory that considers Earth’s lithosphere as fractured along several faults —Tectonic Plate
25.Seismic wave transverse in nature which do not pass through molten outer core — s wave
26.Gutenberg discontinuity separates — mantle and core
27.Theory that explains Earthquakes — elastic rebound theory
28.Earth’s magnetic north and south poles are located on — Prince of Wales Island in North Canada
29.Layer beneath the lithosphere capable of flowing under stress —Asthenosphere
30.IST is ahead of GMT by — 5 hrs 30 minutes
31.Line joining places that experience earthquake at the same time —Homoseismal line
32.The only active volcano in India — Barron, Andaman and Nicobar
33.Seismic wave that cause maximum destruction — L wave
34.The antipodal point of 10 degree North 125 degree East is — 10 degree South 55 degree West
35.The equatorial bulge on Earth is due to — centrifugal force
36.Magnitude of an earthquake is measured on — Richter Scale
37.Earth is round was first theorised by — Plato
38.The recent earthquake in Gujarat occurred due to — dislocation along all Allahbund fault in Sindh, Pakistan
List of National Animals of Different Nations
Albania === Eagle, Lion
Armenis === Wisent,White Stork
Belgium === Lion
Belize === Baird’s Tapir
Bhutan === Takin
Bolivia === Llama
Botswana === Zebra
Brazil === Macaw,Jaguar
Bulgaria === Lion
Cambodia === Kouprey
Canada === Beaver,Canadian Horse
ChileAndean === Condor,Huemul
Colombia === Condor
Costa Rica === Clay-colored Thrush,White-tailed Deer
Congo (DRC) === Okapi
China === Chinese dragon,Crane, Giant Panda
Croatia === Dalmatian
CubaCuban === Crocodile
Czech Republic=== Lion
Denmark === Mute Swan
Egypt === Steppe Eagle
El Salvador === Turquoise-browed Motmot
Estonia === Barn Swallow
Ethiopia === Abyssinian Lion
Finland === Brown Bear
France === Gallic rooster
Germany === Black Eagle
Gibraltar === Barbary Macaque
Greece === Dolphin,Phoenix
Grenada === Ostrich
Guatemala === Quetzal
Guyana === Canje Pheasant,Jaguar
Honduras === White-tailed Deer
Hungary === Turul
Iceland === Falcon, Isle of ManManx
India === The Royal Bengal Tiger
Ireland === Stag
Iran === Lion
Iraq=== Goat ( KRG)
Israel === Israeli Gazelle
Italy === Italian Wolf
Cote d’Ivoire === Elephant
Jamaica === Green-and-black Streamertail
Japan === Green Pheasant,Koi
Jordan === Camel
Kenya === Cheetah,Elephant
Kiribati === Magnificent Frigatebird
Latvia === Atlantic Swordfish
Luxembourg === Lion
Malta === Blue Rock Thrush
Macedonia === Lion,Sarplaninec,Lynx,Ohrid trout, Magpie
Madagascar === Ring Tailed Lemur
Malaysia === Malayan tiger
Mauritius === Dodo
Mexico === Chihuahua
Moldova === Aurochs
Namibia === Oryx
Nauru === Great Frigatebird
Nepal === Cow
Netherlands === Lion
New Caledonia === Kagu
Nigeria === Eagle
Nicaragua === Turquoise-browed Motmot
North Korea === Chollima
Norway === Elk
New Zealand === Kiwi,sheep,Tuatara
Pakistan === Markhor
Palestine === Palestine Sunbird
Panama === Harpy Eagle
Papua New Guinea === Birds of Paradise
Peru === Vicuna
Philippines === Carabao
Poland === White-tailed Eagle,Wisent
Portugal === Barcelos cock
Republic of China === Formosan Black Bear
Romania === Lynx
Russia === Bear
Serbia === Wolf
Saint Kitts and Nevis === Vervet Monkey
Singapore === Merlion,Crimson Sunbird
Somalia === Leopard
South Africa === Springbok,Elephant
South Korea === Tiger
Spain === Bull
Sri Lanka === Lion
Sudan === Secretary Bird
Sweden === Moose
Thailand === Thai elephant
Turkey === Gray Wolf
Trinidad and Tobago === Scarlet Ibis
Uganda === Grey Crowned Crane
United Arab Emirates === Falcon
United Kingdom === Lion
United States === Bald Eagle
Vietnam === Water Buffalo
Venezuela === Turpial
Zambia === Hyena
Zimbabwe === Sable Antelope
Largest Bridge – Danyang– Kunshan Grand Bridge – China
Largest Bauxite Reserves – Guinea Largest Tiger Headcount – India Largest Oil Exporter – Saudi Arabia Largest Shipbuilder – South Korea
Largest Electricity Producer – China – India on 3rd
Largest Wind power Producer – China
Largest Motor Vehicle Producer – China – India on 6th
Largest Rice Consumption – China – India second.
@Census of India 2011@
Facts of Socio-Economic Census 2011:-
♦ There are 24.39 crore households in the country, of which 17.91 crore live in villages.
♦ 10.69 Crore households are considered as deprived.
♦ The average size of a rural Indian household is nearly five members (4.93).
♦ The highest being in Uttar Pradesh at 6.26 and the lowest in Andhra Pradesh at 3.86.
♦ Over two out of every three rural households own a mobile phone.
♦ Nearly 28 per cent rural households are without any phone.
♦ In Chhattisgarh, this is particularly high at 71 per cent, mainly due to lack of connectivity and mobile towers.
♦ 36 per cent of rural Indians are illiterate.
♦ 23.52 per cent rural families have no literate adult above 25 years
♦ The proportion of those passing through the primary, secondary, senior secondary and higher secondary stages drops at each successive level, from nearly 18 per cent to 5 per cent, while only 3.45 per cent are graduates or above.
♦ The highest proportion for graduates is in the National Capital Territory and Delhi, at 9.6 per cent; among the states, Kerala tops at 8 per cent.
♦ Only 10 per cent households have someone with a salaried job, the majority are in government jobs.
♦ Only 8 per cent households earn Rs 10,000 or more every month.
♦ As for sources of income, 9.16 crore households (51.14%) depend on manual casual labour followed by cultivation (30.10%).
♦ 2.5 Crore (14.01%) rural families are dependent on income from other sources which include government service, private sector and PSUs.
♦ 5.37 Crore (29.97%) households in rural areas are landless deriving a major part of their income from manual labour.
♦ 4.08 Lakh households fall back on ragpicking while 6.68 lakh depend on begging and charity alms.
♦ Only 4.6 per cent of all rural households in the country pay income tax.
♦ 21.53 per cent (3.86 Crore) families living in villages belong to SC/ST categories.
♦ The percentage of Scheduled Caste households paying income tax was 3.49 per cent while Scheduled Tribe tax-paying rural households were mere 3.34 per cent
♦ Majority of households is male-headed, but nearly 13 per cent do have a female head.
♦ In Rajasthan, around 91 per cent households in rural areas are headed by men, while in Kerala 26 per cent households are women-headed, the highest among the states.
♦ 2.37 Crore (13.25%) families in villages live in houses of one room with kaccha walls and roof.
♦ Divorces are a relatively common phenomenon in urban India, they remain almost rare in the rural landscape.
♦ Only 0.12 per cent of the rural population has been divorced, the highest in Mizoram at 1.08 percent.
♦ 41.64 per cent rural people as never married (the highest being in Nagaland at 56 per cent).
♦ 0.09 per cent of rural households are houseless, compared to 0.15 per cent in the urban areas.
The census, carried out in 640 districts under the aegis of the Rural Development Ministry. This is the first Census released after 1932 and contains various details with regard to specific regions, communities, caste and economic groups and measures the progress of the households in India.
SECC data would have meaningful use in housing for all, education and skills thrust, MGNREGA, the National Food Security Act, interventions for differently-abled, interventions for women-led households, and targeting of households/individual entitlements on evidence of deprivation.
Can you solve this Quiz?
1. % of rural Indians are illiterate.
2.% of families living in villages belong to SC/ST categories.
a) 11.53 per cent
b) 21.53 per cent
c) 14.21 per cent
d) 25.24 per cent
3. % of all rural households in the country pay income tax.
4. Households with salaried income are close to —–who pay income tax
5.This is the first Census released after ——- that contains various details with regard to specific regions, communities, caste and economic groups and measures the progress of the households in India.
Population facts about India
1.As per provisional data of Census 2011, India’s
population stood at 1,21,01,93,422.
2.The census moment, the referral time at which
the snapshot of the population is taken was 00.00 hours of 1 March 2001. Until
the 1991 Census, the sunrise of 1 March was taken to be the census moment.
3.India’s population as on 1 March 2001 stood at 1,028
million (532.1 million males and 496.4 million females).
4.India’s population grew by 18,14,55,986 (17.64%) at
the rate of 1.64% per annum in the decade 2001-11.
5.India accounts for a meagre 2.4 per cent of the
world surface area of 135.79 million sq km. Yet, it supports and sustains
a whopping 17.5 per cent of the world population.
India in relation to other countries
The growth in India’s population during the decade 2001-11 is
slightly lower than the population of Brazil, the fifth most populated
country in the world.
China’s decadal growth is 0.53% against India’s 1.64%. At
the present rates India is
likely to overtake China
as the most populous country of world by 2030.
populous countries of the world viz. China
(1.34 billion), India (1.21
billion) and USA
(308.7 million) account for 40% population of the world.
of India is almost equal to
the combined population of U.S.A.,
Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan,
Bangladesh and Japan.
Population Growth – 1901-2011
1.The population of India in 1901 was 23,83,96,327.
It increased more than four times by 2011.
2.The population of India in grew by just one and
half times in the first half of twentieth century, while it recorded a
three fold growth in the latter half of the century.
3.The population of India saw a negative growth
during 1911-1921 when its population decreased from 25,20,93,390 to 25,13,21,213.
4.The population of India in 1951, just four years
after independence was 36,10,88,090.
Indian States and Union
1.Among the Indian states, Uttar Pradesh is the
most populated state with a population of 19,95,81,477 and Sikkim is
the least populated state with a population of 6,07,688.
2.The second, third, fourth and fifth ranked
states are Maharashtra (11,23,72,972), Bihar (10,38,04,637), West Bengal (9,13,47,736)
and Andhra Pradesh (8,46,65,533) respectively.
3.Among the Union
Territories, Delhi is the most populated UT with a
population of 1,67,53,235 and Lakshdweep is the least populated UT with a
population of 64,429.
4.The population of Delhi
is greater than Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal
Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya,
Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur
5.The second most populated UT is Puducherry
with a population of 12,44,464 followed by Chandigarh with a population of 10,54,686.
Density of Population
1.The population density of India is 382
persons per square kilometre while it was 325 persons in 2001.
2.India had a population density of just 77 persons
per sq. km in 1901.
3.The state with highest density of population
is Bihar with a population of 1102
persons per square kilometre.
4.The state with lowest density of population is
Arunachal Pradesh with a population of 17 persons per square kilometre.
5.The UT with highest density of population is Delhi with a
population of 11,297 persons per square kilometre.
6.The UT with lowest density of population is
Andaman and Nicobar Islands with a
population of 46 persons per square kilometre.
7.The district with highest density of
population is North East Delhi with a population of 37346 persons per
8.The UT with lowest density of population is
Lahaul and Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) with a population of 2 persons per
1.Out of the total population, the number of
males in India
is 62,37,34,248 and number of females is 58,64,69,174.
2.The above figures give a sex ratio of 940
females per 1000 males which is an improvement of 7 points over the 2001
sex ratio of 933.
3.India had the highest sex ratio in 1901 when it was
972 and worst in 1991 when it was 927.
4.India has poorer sex ratio when compared to its
neighbours – Pakistan (943),
Sri Lanka (1034), Nepal (1014), Myanmar
(1048) and Bangladesh (978)
while it is better than China
(926), Afghanistan (931)
5.Among Indian states Kerala has the highest sex
ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males while Haryana has the lowest sex ratio
6.Among the Union
Territories, Puducherry has the
highest sex ratio of 1038 females to 1000 males while Daman and Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
1.For the purposes of Census, a person aged 7
and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language
is treated as literate. A person who can only read but cannot write is not
literate. In the censues prior to 1991, children below five years of age
were necessarily treated as illiterates.
2.The overall literacy rate as per 2011 census
is 74.04%. The literacy rate in 2001 was 65%.
3.The literacy rate is 82.14% for males and 65.46%
4.Kerala ranks first among Indian states with a
literacy rate of 93.91% followed by Mizoram with a literacy rate of 91.58%.
5.Bihar ranks last among Indian states with a
literacy rate of 63.82%. Next is Rajasthan with a literacy rate of 67.06%.
6.Four States have achieved literacy rate of
above 85% which is the target set by the Planning Commission to be
achieved by 2011-12. They are Kerala, Mizoram, Tripura and Goa.
achieved literacy rate of above 85% which is the target set by the
Planning Commission to be achieved by 2011-12. They are Lakshdweep, Daman &
Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Delhi and Andaman &